Beach Replenishment

pumping sand that was dredged from the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay onto Ocean View Beach
pumping sand that was dredged from the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay onto Ocean View Beach
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Norfolk District Image Gallery

After Superstorm Sandy in 2012, the beach in the Ocean View neighborhood of Norfolk was replenished. The Corps of Engineers dredged sand from the Thimble Shoal shipping channel, pumped it onto the Ocean View beach, and spread the sand with bulldozers. The objective was to build a beach 60' wide and 5' high at the landward edge.

Norfolk had tried to maintain the width of the beach by constructing 36 rock breakwaters. Those trapped sand moving along the shoreline, but also disqualified Ocean View from Federal beach replenishment programs. The regulations were revised after Superstorm Sandy.

Congress appropriated $12.9 million and Norfolk contributed $5.5 million for the first replenishment stage, which was completed in 2017. As reported in The Virginian-Pilot:1

Under the agreement, every nine years for the next 50 years the sand that washes away will be replaced. Those renourishment efforts are expected to cost $7.5 million each, with Norfolk's share pegged at $2.2 million.

sand dredged from the Lynnhaven Inlet channel after Superstorm Sandy in 2012 was used to replenish the beach from the Lynnhaven Inlet to Chic's Beach
sand dredged from the Lynnhaven Inlet channel after Superstorm Sandy in 2012 was used to replenish the beach from the Lynnhaven Inlet to Chic's Beach
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Norfolk District Image Gallery

sand was pumped from the bottom of Chesapeake Bay onto the beach at Ocean View
sand was pumped from the bottom of Chesapeake Bay onto the beach at Ocean View
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 170428-A-BJ794

after sand was pumped onshore, bulldozers spread it to create a wider beach at Ocean View
after sand was pumped onshore, bulldozers spread it to create a wider beach at Ocean View
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 170428-A-OI229_8

sand dredged from Federal lease areas off Virginia Beach has been used for beach replenishment projects between Sandbridge and the resort area
sand dredged from Federal lease areas off Virginia Beach has been used for beach replenishment projects between Sandbridge and the resort area
Source: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Marine Minerals Information System

sand resources (brown lines) are both inside and outside the Submerged Lands Act Boundary, but Federal lease areas (black squares) must be at least three miles offshore
sand resources (brown lines) are both inside and outside the Submerged Lands Act Boundary, but Federal lease areas (black squares) must be at least three miles offshore
Source: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Marine Minerals Information System

coastal research amphibious buggy conducting survey operations for dredging in the Virginia Beach Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction Project
coastal research amphibious buggy conducting survey operations for dredging in the Virginia Beach Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction Project
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Virginia Beach oceanfront continues to grow with help of city, district

Barrier Islands

Chesapeake Bay Geology and Sea Level Rise

Coastal Zone Management in Virginia

Living Shorelines and Structural Shoreline Practices

Virginia and Submerged Lands

Who Owns Submerged Lands After They Emerge Through Accretion and Landfilling?

keeping Ocean View Beach 60' wide will rquire pumping more sand onto the beach every nine years
keeping Ocean View Beach 60' wide will rquire pumping more sand onto the beach every nine years
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Norfolk District Image Gallery

Links

References

1. "More sand coming to Ocean View beaches," The Virginian-Pilot, March 31, 2015, https://pilotonline.com/news/local/environment/article_8024b67e-40d1-5099-aaba-8a9ade4720bb.html (last checked August 2, 2018)

Hurricane Sandy brought waves to the seawall in the resort area of Virginia Beach on October 29, 2012
Hurricane Sandy brought waves to the seawall in the resort area of Virginia Beach on October 29, 2012
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 121029-A-OI229-006

sand is pumped into hopper dredge ships for transport to replenishment sites
sand is pumped into hopper dredge ships for transport to replenishment sites
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Rudee Inlet Dredging

sand for the 2013 Virginia Beach Hurricane Protection Beach Renourishment Project (Big Beach) was brought by a hopper dredge navigational channels north of Cape Henry
sand for the 2013 Virginia Beach Hurricane Protection Beach Renourishment Project (Big Beach) was brought by a hopper dredge navigational channels north of Cape Henry
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 130110-A-ON889-144

sand was pumped from the hopper dredge though pipes to the resort area beach
sand was pumped from the hopper dredge though pipes to the resort area beach
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 130201-A-ON889-008

sand and water arrive via the pipe at the beach
sand and water arrive via the pipe at the beach
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 130110-A-ON889-124

bulldozers spread the sand as it arrives on the beach
bulldozers spread the sand as it arrives on the beach
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 130125-A-ON889-031

the Big Beach finished with a minimum elevation of 8.5 feet at the seawall
the Big Beach finished with a minimum elevation of 8.5 feet at the seawall
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, 130110-A-ON889-168

beach replenishment at Sandbridge in 2007
beach replenishment at Sandbridge in 2007
Source: US Army Corps of Engineers, Sandbridge, Va. (070703-A-1111A-006)


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