in 1789, Virginia elected seven Federalists (green jurisdictions) and three Anti-Federalists candidates (brown) to the House of Representatives
Source: Mapping Early American Elections, 1st Congress: Virginia 1789
In the US House of Representatives, the number of members elected from Virginia has varied since the first Congress met after adoption of the US Constitution. In the Continental Congress, Virginia had one vote. The 13 separate states could send as many representatives as they wished to the Continental Congress, but decisions were made by a total of 13 votes.
After adoption of the Federal system, all states were given two Senators. The number of members in the US House of Representatives varied, based on the population of the state.
Virginia elected 10 of the 65 members in the House of Representatives during the first Congress that began meeting in April, 1789.
The two Senators serving in the Congress from Virginia represent the entire state. They campaign throughout Virginia every six years for election, and visit nearly all of the state's 95 counties and many of the cities in the process because all votes in the state count towards the election of a Senator - one vote in Halifax County is as good as one vote in Loudoun County. The same applies to races for Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Attorney General every 4 years.
Candidates spend most of their time and money campaigning where voters are concentrated, so most efforts are concentrated in Northern Virginia, Richmond area, and Hampton Roads. Roanoke has television stations that reach much of southwestern Virginia, and Lynchburg TV stations reach rural areas in Southside, so brief visits to those cities generate valuable media coverage. In addition, every candidate for one of Virginia's 5 statewide offices (two senators, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Attorney General) will appear in the Appalachian Plateau counties occasionally to show their commitment to that region.
"Total Population by County" in 2010 shows Virginia's voters are concentrated in Northern Virginia, Richmond area, and Hampton Roads
Source: Bureau of Census Thematic Maps, Total Population by County: 2010
In contrast, each of the 11 members of the US House of Representatives represent less than 10% of the state's population. Every two years, they campaign in just their district.
boundaries of Congressional Districts, defined after 2010 Census provided data for redistricting
Source: US Geological Survey, National Atlas
Candidates for all of the House of Representatives attend fund-raising events across the state (especially in Richmond and Northern Virginia), but US Representatives have a narrower focus than US Senators. Members of the House of Representatives represent an individual district, not the entire state. Representatives focus on issues of concern to their geographical region within Virginia.
District boundaries shape the priorities of elected representatives. Odds are, in any Congress the elected member to the House of Representatives from the Sixth District (including much of the Shenandoah Valley) will care more about the budget and regulations from the US Department of Agriculture than the Congressman from the 10th District (including urbanized Arlington/Alexandria). The elected member to the House of Representatives from the Ninth District (including much of Southwestern Virginia) will normally care more about burley tobacco than the Representative from the 8th District (including Fairfax/Prince William suburbs).
the 8th, 10th, and 11th Congressional Districts are in Northern Virginia, but the 9th District has been in southwestern Virginia for over a century
Source: US Geological Survey, Congressional Districts - 113th Congress
Who in the state's delegation to the US Congress cares the most about Navy contracts for shipbuilding and repairs, or how many aircraft carriers will be based on the East Coast?
The 11 districts for the House geography of the districts affect campaign styles. In Northern Virginia, a candidate for the 8th, 10th, or 11th districts can visit all the precincts in that district easily (though they will have to fight the urban traffic jams). Candidates can purchase advertising on one radio station such as WTOP and reach the entire district with one "buy."
In contrast, the candidates in the 9th District have to drive for a half-day just to get from Cumberland Gap to Roanoke. Using radio and TV in his campaign requires more complex calculations regarding what stations reach which geographical areas, in addition to the standard assessments of what type of voter listens to country vs. Top 40 music...