Population Change: 1990-2000

counties/cities that lost population between 1990-2000

All but one of the communities on the Appalachian Plateau lost population between 1990-2000. One reason: coal mining requires fewer workers as operations are mechanized. See the communities highlighted on the map (above, in yellow) and the spreadsheet (below, in white). You can also compare the jurisdictions with a shrinking population to the counties and cities with a small population (under 10,000 people, according to the 2000 Census).

County 1990 2000 change
(people)
change
(%)
Buchanan County 31,333 26,978 -4,355 -13.9
Petersburg city 38,386 33,740 -4,646 -12.1
Norfolk city 261,229 234,403 -26,826 -10.3
Covington city 6,991 6,303 -688 -9.8
Danville city 53,056 48,411 -4,645 -8.8
Clifton Forge city 4,679 4,289 -390 -8.3
Norton city 4,247 3,904 -343 -8.1
Dickenson County 17,620 16,395 -1,225 -7.0
Bristol city 18,426 17,367 -1,059 -5.7
Martinsville city 16,162 15,416 -746 -4.6
Highland County 2,635 2,536 -99 -3.8
Lee County 24,496 23,589 -907 -3.7
Hopewell city 23,101 22,354 -747 -3.2
Portsmouth city 103,907 100,565 -3,342 -3.2
Tazewell County 45,960 44,598 -1,362 -3.0
Richmond city 203,056 197,790 -5,266 -2.6
Staunton city 24,461 23,853 -608 -2.5
Alleghany County 13,176 12,926 -250 -1.9
Roanoke city 96,397 94,911 -1,486 -1.5
Lexington city 6,959 6,867 -92 -1.3
Lynchburg city 66,049 65,269 -780 -1.2
Buena Vista city 6,406 6,349 -57 -0.9
Radford city 15,940 15,859 -81 -0.5
Southampton County 17,550 17,482 -68 -0.4
Northampton County 13,061 13,093 32 0.2
Scott County 23,204 23,403 199 0.9
Fredericksburg city 19,027 19,279 252 1.3
Wise County 39,573 40,123 550 1.4
Henry County 56,942 57,930 988 1.7
Giles County 16,366 16,657 291 1.8
Pulaski County 34,496 35,127 631 1.8
Smyth County 32,370 33,081 711 2.2
Galax city 6,670 6,837 167 2.5
Bedford city 6,073 6,299 226 3.7
Williamsburg city 11,530 11,998 468 4.1
Salem city 23,756 24,747 991 4.2
Clarke County 12,101 12,652 551 4.6
Madison County 11,949 12,520 571 4.8
Nottoway County 14,993 15,725 732 4.9
Poquoson city 11,005 11,566 561 5.1
Colonial Heights city 16,064 16,897 833 5.2
Bath County 4,799 5,048 249 5.2
Waynesboro city 18,549 19,520 971 5.2
King and Queen County 6,289 6,630 341 5.4
Rappahannock County 6,622 6,983 361 5.5
Bland County 6,514 6,871 357 5.5
Russell County 28,667 30,308 1,641 5.7
Newport News city 170,045 180,150 10,105 5.9
Franklin city 7,864 8,346 482 6.1
Lancaster County 10,896 11,567 671 6.2
Charlotte County 11,688 12,472 784 6.7
Emporia city 5,306 5,665 359 6.8
Page County 21,690 23,177 1,487 6.9
Campbell County 47,572 51,078 3,506 7.4
Winchester city 21,947 23,585 1,638 7.5
Westmoreland County 15,480 16,718 1,238 8.0
Roanoke County 79,332 85,778 6,446 8.1
Virginia Beach city 393,069 425,257 32,188 8.2
Falls Church city 9,578 10,377 799 8.3
Wythe County 25,466 27,599 2,133 8.4
Hampton city 133,793 146,437 12,644 9.5
Fairfax city 19,622 21,498 1,876 9.6
Carroll County 26,594 29,245 2,651 10.0
Grayson County 16,278 17,917 1,639 10.1
Charles City County 6,282 6,926 644 10.3
Mathews County 8,348 9,207 859 10.3
Mecklenburg County 29,241 32,380 3,139 10.7
Arlington County 170,936 189,453 18,517 10.8
Shenandoah County 31,636 35,075 3,439 10.9
Pittsylvania County 55,655 61,745 6,090 10.9
Patrick County 17,473 19,407 1,934 11.1
Surry County 6,145 6,829 684 11.1
Washington County 45,887 51,103 5,216 11.4
Appomattox County 12,298 13,705 1,407 11.4
Amherst County 28,578 31,894 3,316 11.6
Charlottesville city 40,341 45,049 4,708 11.7
Nelson County 12,778 14,445 1,667 13.0
Fauquier County 48,741 55,139 6,398 13.1
Montgomery County 73,913 83,629 9,716 13.1
Rockbridge County 18,350 20,808 2,458 13.4
Prince Edward County 17,320 19,720 2,400 13.9
Middlesex County 8,653 9,932 1,279 14.8
Essex County 8,689 9,989 1,300 15.0
Caroline County 19,217 22,121 2,904 15.1
Lunenburg County 11,419 13,146 1,727 15.1
Brunswick County 15,987 18,419 2,432 15.2
Cumberland County 7,825 9,017 1,192 15.2
Alexandria city 111,183 128,283 17,100 15.4
Gloucester County 30,131 34,780 4,649 15.4
Floyd County 12,005 13,874 1,869 15.6
Craig County 4,372 5,091 719 16.4
Albemarle County 68,040 79,236 11,196 16.5
Northumberland County 10,524 12,259 1,735 16.5
Dinwiddie County 20,960 24,533 3,573 17.0
Rockingham County 57,482 67,725 10,243 17.8
Fairfax County 818,584 969,749 151,165 18.5
Isle of Wight County 25,053 29,728 4,675 18.7
Goochland County 14,163 16,863 2,700 19.1
Franklin County 39,549 47,286 7,737 19.6
Augusta County 54,677 65,615 10,938 20.0
Henrico County 217,881 262,300 44,419 20.4
King William County 10,913 13,146 2,233 20.5
Prince George County 27,394 33,047 5,653 20.6
Warren County 26,142 31,584 5,442 20.8
Orange County 21,421 25,881 4,460 20.8
Richmond County 7,273 8,809 1,536 21.1
Buckingham County 12,873 15,623 2,750 21.4
Sussex County 10,248 12,504 2,256 22.0
Botetourt County 24,992 30,496 5,504 22.0
Suffolk city 52,141 63,677 11,536 22.1
Culpeper County 27,791 34,262 6,471 23.3
Chesterfield County 209,274 259,903 50,629 24.2
King George County 13,527 16,803 3,276 24.2
Manassas city 27,957 35,135 7,178 25.7
Louisa County 20,325 25,627 5,302 26.1
Halifax County 29,033 37,355 8,322 28.7
New Kent County 10,445 13,462 3,017 28.9
Frederick County 45,723 59,209 13,486 29.5
Amelia County 8,787 11,400 2,613 29.7
Prince William County 215,686 280,813 65,127 30.2
Greensville County 8,853 11,560 2,707 30.6
Chesapeake city 151,976 199,184 47,208 31.1
Harrisonburg city 30,707 40,468 9,761 31.8
Bedford County 45,656 60,371 14,715 32.2
York County 42,422 56,297 13,875 32.7
Hanover County 63,306 86,320 23,014 36.4
James City County 34,859 48,102 13,243 38.0
Powhatan County 15,328 22,377 7,049 46.0
Greene County 10,297 15,244 4,947 48.0
Stafford County 61,236 92,446 31,210 51.0
Manassas Park city 6,734 10,290 3,556 52.8
Spotsylvania County 57,403 90,395 32,992 57.5
Fluvanna County 12,429 20,047 7,618 61.3
Loudoun County 86,129 169,599 83,470 96.9

Notes:
- Clifton Forge reverted from an independent city to a town within Alleghany County in 2001.
- Russell County is placed in the Valley and Ridge physiographic province in this example.

historical population growth, 1900-2000
historical population growth, 1900-2000


Population of Virginia
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